Americans

Americans are the citizens and nationals of the United States of America.[47][48] Although citizens and nationals make up the majority of Americans, many dual citizens, expatriates, and permanent residents may also legally claim American nationality.[49][47][50][51] The United States is home to people of many ethnic origins. As a result, American culture and law does not equate nationality with race or ethnicity, but with bona fide citizenship and an oath of permanent allegiance.[52][53][54]

Americans
Flag of the United States.svg
Total population
c.331.4 million[1]
(2020 United States census)
American people around the world.svg
Regions with significant populations
Mexico738,100–1,000,000[2][3]
Canada316,350–1,000,000[4][5]
India2,694–700,000[6]
Philippines220,000–600,000[7][8]
Brazil260,000[9]
France200,000[10]
Israel200,000[11][12]
United Kingdom197,143 (foreign born only)[13]
South Korea120,000–158,000[14]
Costa Rica120,000–130,000[15]
Germany111,529 (foreign born only)[16]
China110,000[17]
Colombia60,000[18]
Hong Kong60,000[19]
Japan59,172-153,389[20][21]
Australia56,276[22]
Pakistan52,486[23]
Italy50,000[24]
United Arab Emirates50,000[25]
Haiti45,000[26]
Saudi Arabia40,000[27]
Argentina37,000[28]
Norway33,509[29]
The Bahamas30,000[30]
Russia30,000[citation needed]
Lebanon25,000[31]
Panama25,000[32]
Dominican Republic24,457[33]
Spain22,082[34]
Chile19,161[35]
El Salvador19,000[36]
New Zealand17,751[37]
Honduras15,000[38]
Poland2,483–14,000[39]
Trinidad and Tobago11,500[40]
Taiwan10,645[41]
Austria10,175[42]
Denmark9,400[43]
Czech Republic8,763[44]
Bermuda8,000[45]
Languages
Primarily American English, but also Spanish and others
Religion
Primarily Christian (Protestantism, Catholicism, and other denominations)[46]
Various non-Christian religions (Judaism and others)[46]
Irreligion

The majority of Americans or their ancestors immigrated to America or are descended from people who were brought as slaves within the past five centuries, with the exception of the Native American population and people from Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine Islands,[55] who became American through expansion of the country in the 19th century,[56] additionally America expanded into American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands in the 20th century.[57][48]

Despite its multi-ethnic composition,[58][59] the culture of the United States held in common by most Americans can also be referred to as mainstream American culture, a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of Northern and Western European colonists, settlers, and immigrants.[58] It also includes influences of African-American culture.[60] Westward expansion integrated the Creoles and Cajuns of Louisiana and the Hispanos of the Southwest and brought close contact with the culture of Mexico. Large-scale immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Southern and Eastern Europe introduced a variety of elements. Immigration from Asia, Africa, and Latin America has also had impact. A cultural melting pot, or pluralistic salad bowl, describes the way in which generations of Americans have celebrated and exchanged distinctive cultural characteristics.[58]

In addition to the United States, Americans and people of American descent can be found internationally. As many as seven million Americans are estimated to be living abroad, and make up the American diaspora.[61][62][63]